When a blood vessel in the brain balloons, as is said, it is called a brain aneurysm. This leads a bulge in the blood vessel to develop and that can either leak or rupture in the brain, causing a stroke that is called the subarachnoid hemorrhage.
A ruptured brain aneurysm is a condition that is life-threatening and can be fatal and therefore needs medical care immediately. These aneurysms occur when the artery walls thin and form at the forks or branches of the arteries as these are weak portions. They generally develop at the base of the brain but can be found in any region of the brain.
Most people that get these aneurysms do not have them rupture, so they end up getting diagnosed while being tested for something else. This is because they do not lead to major issues.
However, it is important to treat them nonetheless as it can prevent something life-threatening from happening in the future. As cases are unique from patient to patient, the doctor is the one who can advise on what to do if they detect an unruptured aneurysm. In this article, we will be looking at the early signs of an aneurysm that are basically brain aneurysm causes and symptoms.
Early Warning Signs of Brain Aneurysm
In this section, we will be looking at brain aneurysm causes and symptoms.
While the causes of an aneurysm are unknown, there are risk factors that increase the chances of one happening.
Risk factors that develop over time:
- Heavy consumption of alcohol
- Old age
- Drug abuse, specifically cocaine
- Head injuries can also cause an aneurysm
Risk factors at birth:
- Family history of aneurysms, especially first-degree relatives like parents, siblings, or children.
- Cerebral arteriovenous malformation that is a connection between the veins and arteries in the brain that is abnormal as it interrupts blood flow.
- Coarctation of the aorta or an abnormally narrow aorta.
- Polycystic kidney disease that is an inherited disorder that causes the kidney to have fluid-filled sacs, and this also increases blood pressure.
- Ehlers-Dnos syndrome and other inherited connective tissue disorders that end up weakening the blood vessels.
As mentioned, there are two types of aneurysms, ruptured and unruptured.
Here are the common symptoms of a ruptured aneurysm:
- Extremely severe headache that is sudden
- Loss of consciousness
- Stiff neck
- Drooping eyelid
- Double or blurred vision
- Vomiting and nausea
In certain cases, the aneurysm may leak a small amount of blood, and this would result in an extremely severe headache that is sudden. Generally, a leaking aneurysm is followed by a severe rupture.
An unruptured aneurysm may have no outward symptoms if it happens to be small. But if it is not, it may press on the nerves and tissues in the brain, causing:
- Numbness in one side of the face
- Double vision or change in vision
- A dilated pupil
- Pain behind and above one eye
Please note that if you suddenly get an extremely severe headache, you need to get immediate medical help.
Brain Aneurysm Treatments
Brain aneurysms are treated with a combination of various methods depending on the circumstances of the patient and the type of aneurysm. These may include:
- Microsurgical Clipping
- Endovascular techniques like using stents for flow diversion, artery occlusion and bypass, endovascular stent coiling, and endovascular coiling.
- Tubular retractor system
If you see that you or someone you know are exhibiting the given symptoms, it is best to get immediate medical treatment. The sooner that the brain aneurysm treatments are administered, the chances of recovery are higher. This is why it is important to know how to recognise the signs of a brain aneurysm.
If you’re in Mumbai and need treatment for the same, we recommend KEM Hospital or Wockhardt Hospital so you can get the most experienced treatment and care.