Strokes occur when blood pressure levels are high for a prolonged period, eventually putting a strain on the arteries and blood vessels and blocking oxygen to the brain, leading to a stroke.
There is no age category for strokes. However, adults are most likely to suffer from strokes because of higher stress levels.
Patients who are rushed to the hospital are likely to receive medication if brought under three hours from the time the stroke occurred. The medical history of the patient forms the base for the course of treatment.
Different types of strokes like ischemic strokes, haemorrhagic strokes, and Transient ischemic attack or TIA have similar yet different courses of treatment.
Symptoms and Effects of Stroke
While there are different types of strokes, the commonality lies in the sudden outbreak of one. The intensity may vary, but most strokes have similar triggers. These include:
● Severe headaches
● Nausea combined with dizziness
● Disoriented mind or confusion
● Weakness or even numbness in different parts of the body (usually occurs to one side of an arm or leg)
● Difficulty to articulate words clearly
● Loss of clear vision
● Inability to walk or coordinate with bodily functions
When the stroke is severe, a person can suffer temporary or permanent damage since neurological functions are compromised.
However, the extent of the effects of the stroke depends highly on the duration of one. Here are some of the effects that can occur if the stroke occurred on the right side:
● Left side paralysis
● Compromises vision level
● Potential memory loss
● Change in behaviour in some cases
While strokes on the left side will result in :
● Right side paralysis
● Fluent speech problems
● Comparatively slow behaviour
● Potential memory loss
Neuro-intervention Treatment for Strokes
As mentioned earlier, the course of treatment for strokes differs from one situation to another. However, in recent times, treatments involving neuro-intervention are becoming more popular. It is significant to note that neurovascular treatments in India are becoming increasingly popular. There are many. At the same time, there are notable interventional neuroradiology specialist in Mumbai. These doctors provide excellent treatment to their patients coupled with years of experience.
The minimally invasive neuro-intervention comes with a few benefits as well.
The procedure involves inserting a catheter in the location of the stroke in the brain. A medicine is injected as opposed to using IV in the traditional way of treatment. While the surgical procedure may not seem much, its benefits are statistically higher for patients.
There are very few cases of post-op complications, while the small incision heals faster than an open wound. The most significant benefit from neuro-intervention is that there is little to no medication needed in the long run.
Another treatment offered by neurology specialists is neurovascular treatments in India. The procedure differs from other neuro-interventions for strokes since no incision is made in the skull. In endovascular treatment, a tiny catheter is inserted in the femoral artery of the leg. With the help of x-ray vision, the doctor navigates blood vessels linked to the brain. When positioned, the procedure of treating the aneurysm is performed. The procedure is somewhat complicated, but interventional neuroradiology specialist in Mumbai have steady hands to treat the case.
All strokes after treatment call for a flexible recovery time for the body to rehabilitate. In minor cases, with time, the patient can regain almost all functionality of what was lost. However, significant cases may take longer to reach the maximum level of functionality.
Some types of therapy recommended for patients are physical, like massaging the arms and legs in case of paralysis, while speech therapy is for those who lost a part of their speech because of the stroke. Independent therapy helps patients return to their normal lifestyle of daily functions eventually.
It is to note that time is essential for recovery, and it can take months or years for a person to gain complete control of their body.