Stats show over 1.13 billion people are living with high blood pressure or hypertension globally. High blood pressure is when blood pressure levels are over 130/80 or even above. The pressure will gradually decline or increase depending on the activities one does all day. Stress is one of the active contributors to high blood pressure levels.
Facts show that the two are interlinked directly and have a strong causal connection. High blood pressures can put arteries under a significant amount of stress, causing them to become weaker or rupture. Consistency of high blood pressure can single-handedly contribute to a devastating stroke or even a heart attack. Hence, failure to decrease high blood pressure can lead to a stroke.
How do Strokes Occur?
Having high blood pressure for an extended time can put your blood vessels in your body and connected to your brain in danger. The pressure eventually blocks the vessels and cuts off oxygen to the brain. This, in turn, causes extensive damage and leads to a stroke. This type of stroke is called ischemic or haemorrhage stroke.
Types of Strokes
There are different types of strokes linked to high blood pressure. Each of them affects your body and your brain differently. Therefore an ischemic stroke treatment will differ from other brain stroke treatments.
Ischemic strokes constitute the most cases worldwide. It occurs when oxygen can no longer flow to the brain because of blood clots caused by prolonged, consistent, and high blood pressures.
On the other hand, a hemorrhagic stroke occurs when high blood pressure strains the arteries to the point that it ruptures or leaks. The leakage pressurizes the brain to advance into a stroke.
Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) or Stroke
TIA is a type of stroke that occurs for a short period. It is often referred to as “mini-stroke” because blood flow is blocked only for a short duration of less than five minutes.
However, patients suffering from this type of stroke must understand the implications of the stroke. In some cases, the stroke can advance to other fatal types of strokes.
Treating Brain Strokes
The treatment for different types of strokes differs from one person and from one condition to another. In most cases, the duration, type, symptoms, and other underlying conditions of the patient are considered.
Therefore it is crucial to understand the type of stroke patients have before delving into brain stroke treatments.
For ischemic stroke treatment, the most significant factor lies in the gap from when the stroke occurred to the time the patient arrives at the hospital. The course of treatment is highly based on time. Gaps less than three hours will likely lead to medication or specifically tissue plasminogen activator for dissolving clots. However, other options are explored for patients with medical history due to risks of bleeding. In this case, doctors can perform procedures to remove the clot manually.
Other brain stroke treatments also depend highly on time taken for the patient to reach the hospital. Doctors will first have to determine the type of stroke, conduct a CT scan for a clearer picture of how it should be dealt with. Blood tests, an MRI, ultrasounds, cerebral angiogram, echocardiogram are some tests that can help doctors determine the course of treatment.
Strokes, in general, can be fatal if not checked. Reports suggest that often many cases of strokes especially in adults could’ve been avoided. If you have a family background of blood pressure problems, regularly monitoring its levels can prevent strokes from occurring.
However, the base for avoiding strokes lies in the overall routine of a person as well. Habits like consuming less salt, sugar, fats, limiting alcohol and smoking, can help in the long run.
Consuming more fiber, exercising, maintaining a healthy weight, and balancing your overall work-life can reduce stress levels which in turn reduces the chance of getting strokes.